The first joint of the big toe is a common site for a toe deformity. In response to pressure the metatarsal head can move outwards causing a bump on the site of the foot. The body can also lay down new bone adding to the size of the lump. The foot very often gets misshapen with the bone growth and the big toe moves outward at the base, and starts to point towards the others. The bunion sufferer experiences pain, redness and inflammation and the lump can rub against shoes causing broken skin and can easily become infected. As you get up and bare weight on your feet the toes feel as though they are contracting giving the feeling that you are gripping a towel. The tops of the toes will be rubbing against the top of the shoe and will cause corns. The metatarsal heads will collapse and the fatty pad under the metatarsal may move forwards giving the feeling of socks wading up under the toes. Pain can also occur under the metatarsal joints and numbness can develop down through the toes. Most people with sever hammer toes may also experience discomfort across the top of your feet at the instep. Patients usually consult a doctor about toe deformities because of pain or discomfort in the foot when walking or running. The physician takes several factors into consideration when examining a patient who may require surgery to correct a toe deformity. Some surgical procedures require only small amounts of cutting or tissue removal while others require extensive dissection. The blood supply in the affected toe is an important factor in planning surgery. It determines not only whether the toe will heal fully but also whether the surgeon can perform more than one procedure on the toe. Imaging tests are also performed, usually x-ray studies. Painful corns and infections may develop at the joint if there is repetitive pressure. Pain may also result from calluses that develop under the tip of the toe or on the ball of the foot. Sometimes these toe deformities are the result of heredity or medical issues including diabetes, arthritis and stroke. Improper footwear, pressure from a bunion or vigorous activity can also aggravate the problem. Too short and narrow shoes, shoes with pointed toes and shoes with high heels restrict the toes by bending them and bending them and forcing them into unnatural positions. Before you leave the hospital, your toes will be wrapped in bandages to hold them in place and you will receive instructions on maintaining those dressings and on wearing a special post-surgical shoe to protect your foot. You may need to use a cane or crutches for the first several days and to be careful about putting weight on your foot. You should try to keep your foot elevated and treated with ice as directed for several days. While your stitches may be removed in a couple of weeks, you will continue to need to utilize the bandages and shoe for as long as eight weeks. Skin graft procedures are done for various reasons. They may be done in areas of skin loss due to conditions like burns, extensive wounds or surgery. The process of skin grafting involves removing skin from one part of the body and transplanting it to another part of the body where it is needed. Skin grafting can help reduce the amount of time necessary for a wound to heal and may also enable a person retain function of a body part. After a skin graft procedure, nurses provide certain care to ensure the success of the procedure. Depending on the size of the bones I use different diameters and lengths of screws. Believe it or not, it is hard to find screws that are long enough for fusing toe bones. The problem in the past was that companies made shorter screws of the thinner diameters that did not allow for fusion of toes. The reason for this is that when fusing larger bones, we use thicker screws. There was no need for long thin screws. Fortunately, I was able to work with one of the screw companies in order to design special screws for the purpose of fusing hammertoes. (Thanks Perry). Once I had arrived at my destination the medical assistantgot me right back to a room. Within minutes, the doctor came in and talked tome about what was going to happen. She then numbed my toe. She was very gentleand to be completely honest I couldn't really feel it. I waited for my entiretoe to numb before she came back to remove the nail. It only took a couple ofminutes and she only took out the corner. As a woman, I was worried that thedoctor would take off more toenail than necessary. I mean, it IS Summer and Ilove my flip flops! The DSM-IV defines alcoholism as "repeated use despite recurrent adverse consequences." It also states that withdrawal, tolerance and the "uncontrollable drive to drink" go hand in hand with alcohol dependence. While alcohol abuse has been problematic for people since prehistoric times, it has become a vice for more and more people in recent times. Even though more research is conducted into alcoholism, it is not always possible to identify the problem and get help as soon as possible. Knowing the signs of alcoholism is the first step in getting you, or a loved one, the help you need. Please note that nail fungus infections are infectious and can spread from one person to the other. The ways you can contract them from other people is when you share the same bathrooms as in public shower stalls, locker rooms and bathrooms. It is common for people to walk bare foot in these places and because it is generally moist here, people who have the infection can easily spread it here. People infected by nail fungus spread it simply by walking bare foot on these surfaces and it is picked up by the next person who walks by bare foot.